Routine Health Info

Vaccinations

This practice supports routine vaccination of dogs and cats in accordance with the guidelines from the vaccine manufacturer.

As well as receiving their vaccination, your animal will also have a thorough examination which we believe is essential to the animal’s well being as it allows us to detect early signs of any problems. If you are bringing your puppy or kitten for their first vaccine and check up we will also give you lots of helpful advice and recommendations about the care of your new pet.

Dogs

Dogs are vaccinated against: Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza and Leptospirosis.

Primary vaccination consists of 2 injections given 2 – 4 weeks apart. The 1st injection can be given at 8 weeks with the 2nd injection at 10 weeks of age. This enables early socialisation which is essential for your puppy’s developement. If you feel that there is a situation which requires earlier vaccination please speak to one of the vets.

Booster vaccination is done annually. It is important to keep up to date because if a dog has not received a booster for 2 years it will need to receive the primary course again. We will try and help you with this by sending out booster reminders!

Kennel cough. The intra nasal kennel cough vaccine can protect against Bordetella Bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza, the most common agents of this disease. It can be given to any dog, especially to those coming into contact with large groups of animals where infection might be present eg boarding kennels, training classes and shows. Ideally vaccination should be given a minimum of 72hrs prior to anticipated risk and can be given at the same time as the routine vaccinations.

Cats

Cats can be vaccinated against cat flu, enteritis and feline leukaemia virus.

Primary vaccination consists of 2 injections given 3 – 4 weeks apart. The 1st injection can be given from 9 weeks with the 2nd injection 3 weeks later.

Booster vaccination is done annually and must be done within 18mths otherwise the primary course would need to be done again.

Rabbits

Rabbits can be vaccinated against Myxomatosis and Viral Haemorrhagic Disease. This is a combined vaccine given annually.

Worming

Many dogs and cats carry roundworms and tapeworms. In young and infirm animals these can cause significant clinical disease. In adult animals, they may be asymptomatic, however they impose a significant public health risk particularly to children therefore it is very important that all animals are routinely wormed.

Kittens and Puppies

Kittens and puppies are often presented with a significant worm burden due to infection before and in the period immediately after birth from their mother. This can produce a variety of clinical signs. The vet will prescribe a wormer depending on the weight of your young pet and will recommend the appropriate worming interval, usually 2- 3 weeks apart.

Adult Cats and Dogs

We recommend Milbemax Wormer for dogs and cats over 6 months, usually given every 3 months depending on lifestyle.

Pregnant Animals

As mentioned previously, significant infection of puppies and kittens can occur from the queen or bitch before, during and after birth and during lactation. It is therefore extremely important to worm your breeding bitch/queen. Please speak to one of our staff who will prescribe a safe, suitable wormer.

Neutering

Bitches

We mostly recommend neutering of female dogs at 5 1/2 -6mths old (before their 1st season) but the vet will advise on an individual basis. However, it can be done at any stage of the bitches life, preferably 3mths from her last season to avoid oestrus.

The reasons that neutering is recommended is the elimination of season and false pregnancies, a reduction in the incidence of mammary tumours, (this protective effect is progressively lost the more seasons that she has prior to spaying), and to eliminate the chance of developing pyometra, (a life threatening condition caused by infection in the womb).

Male dogs

Male dogs can be castrated from 6 months. This helps to eliminate unsociable sexual tendencies, significantly reduce some types of prostatic disease, and anal gland adenomas and to help reduce aggression.

Cats

We recommend neutering of both female and male cats if they are not required for breeding. This can be done from 5 1/2 months onwards.

Pet Travel Scheme

Thinking of taking your pet on holiday? The Pet Travel Scheme has been set up to enable people in the UK to travel with their dog, cat or ferret to other countries within the EU and return to the UK without having to spend time in quarantine. Some non EU countries are also included – see DEFRA website.

The UK rules for pets entering the country under the Pet Travel Scheme have changed as of 1 January 2012.

Your pet will need to be micro chipped and vaccinated against rabies. A passport will then be issued.

Pets will no longer require a post vaccination blood test and the pre entry waiting period is now 21 days from date of vaccination. However, because we have experienced dogs who have not responded sufficiently to the rabies vaccination we still advise a blood test for peace of mind that your pet is protected.

Treatment against ticks is now no longer mandatory but we strongly advise that this is still carried out to prevent tick borne diseases that are currently not present in the UK.

Treatment against tapeworm still needs to be carried out between one and five days before re-entry to the UK.

Prevention of “exotic” diseases also has to be considered while your pet is abroad as it is not only rabies which the UK is free from – there are several unpleasant diseases which your pet may encounter depending on the country you are travelling in. Please visit the DEFRA website for the most up to date information.

Please speak to one of our veterinary surgeons who can discuss the above issues in more detail.